St George's Park History
Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Unification St George's Park - Chapter 1 - Introduction
Chapter 1 - Introduction
Harold Wilson

Racial discrimination since the occupation of the Cape by the Dutch and the British doomed the indigenous people and the Coloured community to perpetual serfdom.

The Nonquase incident destroyed the Xhosa people and accorded Sir George Grey the opportunity to introduce a new economic system geared at keeping the disadvantaged people in bondage from which there was no escape. He, however, realised that a degree of education was necessary in order to succeed and utilised the missionaries to establish schools to transform the cheap labour reservoir into useful pawns and to ensure that the newly introduced economic system would prosper.

Click image to enlarge
Leribe, Basutoland - 1934.
The educationists realised that a form of recreation was necessary and introduced rugby, cricket, and tennis into the Xhosa schools. These codes became the sporting activities of the Blacks and spread to all corners of the Eastern Cape. The students who attended these schools introduced the codes to the areas where they came from.

The discovery of diamonds at Kimberley attracted people from all over the world. The Xhosa labourers who went to Kimberley introduced rugby, cricket and tennis to the indigenous peoples. There was also a Coloured community who also played these codes. The White colonists did not allow the indigenous people to belong to their clubs. The Black communities played on their own.

International tours to South Africa inspired the White codes to establish national organisations which in turn organised provincial tournaments from which their national teams were selected. During the 1891/2 cricket season, the Malays had the distinction of being the first ever Black South African side to play against an overseas touring side. WW Readís English team played an extra game over two days against the Malays at Newlands in Cape Town. The fact that they were easily beaten is unimportant.

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Chapter 1 - Introduction
Chapter 2 - Discrimination Rears its Ugly Head
Chapter 3 - Establishment of the South African Coloured Cricket Board
Chapter 4 - Splintering of the South African Coloured Cricket Board
Chapter 5 - National Political Influences and World War II
Chapter 6 - The Establishment of the South African Cricket Board of Control
Chapter 7 - Change Racial Affiliation to Single Provincial Affiliation
Chapter 8 - In Search of International Competition
Chapter 9 - The Basil D'Oliviera Affair
Chapter 10 - Prime Minister John Vorster Reacts
Chapter 11 - South African Cricket Association's Attempts to Secure Tours
Chapter 12 - Hassan Howa's Term of Office
Chapter 13 - The Advent of SACOS
Chapter 14 - SACBOC's Application to ICC for Associate Membership
Chapter 15 - Dr Piet Koornhof's Attempt to Normalise Cricket
Chapter 16 - In Search of Unity
Chapter 17 - A Unification without Western Province Cricket Board (SACBOC)
Chapter 18 - Unification Hampered by Problems
Chapter 19 - The Establishment of a New Non-Racial Cricket Body
Chapter 20 - SACU's Inability to Regain Admission to International Cricket
Chapter 21 - Double Standards Resolution of SACOS
Chapter 22 - Boycotts Became a Powerful Weapon
Chapter 23 - Frank Brache and Hassan Howa
Chapter 24 - The Demise of Howa's Role in Cricket
Chapter 25 - SACOS versus the NSC
Chapter 26 - The Mike Gatting Tour
Chapter 27 - Thabo Mbeki the Mediator
Chapter 28 - Retraction of Rebel Tours
Chapter 29 - Steve Tswete the Facilitator
Chapter 30 - Declaration of Intent
Chapter 31 - Merger of the WPCB and WPCU
Chapter 32 - Establishment of the United Cricket Board
SA Reaccepted
The John Passmore Week
Nuffield Week
Non-Whites Invite Kiwi Team
Eastern Province Trials on Merit to be Sought